Temple Location :
About the Temple:
This temple lies in the Tanjore district of Tamil Nadu. It's about 1 1/2 miles away from
Kumbakkonam railway station. Which is on the chennai - Thanjore main line. Bus facility and
staying facilities are ample.
When it was time for the destroyal of this world a huge pralaya came up. In order to save
the vedha's Amirtham and tools necessary to create lives on earth, lord Bhrama collected
all these things and put them in a mud pot and kept the pot safety on the top of the Mountain
Pralaya kalam (ie) the period of non stop heavy rain came and the pot of bhrama was washed
away by the flood. In due course moving in the south direction it came to halt at a
particular place. Then for the wish of all devar's (ie) heavenly people Lord Shiva broke
the pot with an arrow. Immediately Amudham (ie) the liquit given eternity flowed from the
pot and formed two tanks. One is known as Maha maga kulam and the othr Potramarai kulam.
The remains of the pot and Amudham joined together to form "Lord Kumbeswarar". In the name
of the broken pot (ie) Kumbam that place was clled Kumbakkonam or simply Kudanthai.
Lord Narayana's Marriage:
Once there was a dispute between the rishis as to whom to submit the "Avirbagam" (ie) to whom
they should give more importance among the trinity "Sivan, Bhrama and Vishnu".
As they couldn't resolve the matter they sent "Brighu Maharishi" to test the Trinities and
finally to select the best member. So, Brighu Maharishi went to Siva logam (ie) the place
of Shiva and Bhramalogam (ie) place of Bhrama and was dishonoured by them. So angrily he
went at last to Vishuloga (ie) the the place of Maha Vishnu.
There too he wasn't honoured properly. So he got very angry and kicked Maha Vishnu's heart
where godess Mahalakshmi lives. But in turn Mahavishnu took the feet which kicked him and said
"Oh! rishi you have kicked me, but I do not bother about that but your feet may ache due to
this so let me soothe it." Saying so he tactfully took away the third eye of Brighu Maharishi
which was conceled under his toe.
Due to this Brighu Maharishi regained his temper and also lost his eye of Pride.
As soon as he lost his pride he became very humble and pleaded Mahavishnu to forgive him. From
this the Lord god has showed us that unless we lose our pride and become humble. What ever
position we may hold, that would never fetch god towards us.
Meanwhile, as Bhrigu Maharishi gave a kick where she lived, Mahalakshmi gave a kick where
she lived, Mahalakshmi got annoyed and left the scene. She came to the earth and started
to live at Kollapuram.
Without Mahalakshmi the godess of Money Lord Narayana was worried a lot and came to earth in
search of his beloved wife. But as he couldn't find he, he transformed himself into Lord
Srinivasa and married godess Padmavathi. As Mahalakshmi left him he was not having enough
money for marriage so he borrowed some money from Lord Khubera. Once again he was left alone
for Padmavathidevi had a dispute with Lord Srinivasa and left Thirupati. By now, Mahalakshmi
who was staying at Kollapuri came to know the news of Lord Srinivasa's marriage from
Naradha. She became very angry and started to search Lord Srinivasa who had fled to Abyss
(ie) paathala loga in Kumbakkonam, to escape from Mahalakshmi's angry.
Godess Mahalakshmi searched Lord Srinivasa every where but her effort gave her no fruits. So
she became a small child and crawled as BalaKomalavalli in the Potramarai Kulam.
Brighu Maharishi who kicked Mahalakshmi felt very much for his action and hence took rebirth
as Hema Maharishi. He saw Balukomalavalli and started to bring her up as his own daughter.
When it was time for Komalavalli's marriage, Hema Maharishi performed a very hard penance and
pleaded Mahavishnu to accept Mahalakshmi. Lord Mahavishnu granted his wish. On a
Mahashankaranthi day Lord Mahavishnu emerged out from Vaideha Vimanam contained in the
pranava vimana of Sri Rangam and came in a huge chariot and married Komalavalli Thaayar.
As the Thayaar Komalavalli was angry with Lord Srinivasa who has a standing posture to soothe
her anger Lord Mahavishnu now adapted the sleeping posture of Ranganatha of Sri Rangam and
became saarangapani in Kumbakkonam.
Actually Shargam is the name of the bow of Sri Rama, one of the ten Avathar's of Sri
Mahavishnu. Sri Rama is very famous for his one man - one wife format of life. So on order
to give assurence of Security for his wife komalavalli Lord Mahavishnu has adapted the
shargam in the name of Sri Ramam and the posture of Ranganatha so as to be called as
There is a "Paadhala Srinivasar" in this temple which remainds as the above tale.
Godess Mahalakshmi repented for her mistake and from then onwards she took a vow that she
would never leave her dear husband. Hence even today she never leaves out of her chamber.
So only she is called as "Padhi Thanda Patni".
This place is treated incoherent with Thirupati, SriRangam, Kaatu Mannar Kovil, Alwar
Thirunagari, Thruvellarai, Thiruvekka, Thiru Kandiyur, ThiruKarambanoor, Thiruputkuzhi and
Thirupullamboothamkudi. This place is treatd as the place which explains the meaning of
The following three incidents:
The magical pot of Bhrama - Lord shiva who broke the neck of the pot - Lord Ranganatha who
as Aaraamudhan also named Saarangapani's marriage with Komalavalli represents the power
of the trinity Bhrama, Vishnu and Sivan at a single place like the I which happend at
Karambanoor and Kandiyur. Even then, this place is called as Bhaskara Shetram only.
The combination of some hamsam's (ie) parts of Lord Shivan and Lord Vishnu is named as Lord
Bhaskara. He has two heads and four hands. Two hands are used by him to pray Lord Shiva
whereas the other two hands contain the lotus which represents Godess Mahalakshmi. Her
body is of red colour, the colour of Lord Shivan and his ornaments are all of blue colour
As the powers of lord Shiva and Vishnu has combined here this place is called as Bhaskara
shethram. This place paves a way to the unison of Shaiveties and Vaishnaveties.
Naadamunigal and Divya Prabantham:
During 9th, A.D, divya prabatham was not compiled. It was scattered here and there. On that
time in Kaatumannar kovil also called Veera Narayanapuram near Chidambaram there lived a man
He worked in the temple and one day he came to hear II paasurams which had "Aara Amudhey"
as its beggning. The verse was so pure, gentle and devotional that Naadamunigal was completely
take aback by it. He asked the two men about the verse and enquired them regarding the last
line which hinted that these II paasurams or verses were among the other 1000 verses. But
the men who sand said they were Unaware about the matter.
Somehow Naadamunigal wanted to find the rest of 1000 Paasurams. But he couldnt get any clues
from the men and so he was very much worried. Suddenly he remembered the first line which
began with the word "Aara Amudhe" so quickly he went to the Saarangapani temple in Kudanthai
and started to pray hardly. Immedietely a flash ran in his mind the last line of the II
Paasurams said that it was written by Sadagopan of Thirukurukur (ie, "Kurukur Sadagopan Kuralin
Maliya sonna OOrayirathul").
He thanked the god to remaind him and headed straightly to Thirukkurukur. There he came to
know about the history of Nammalwar and his excellent diciple "Madhurakavi alwar" who treated
Nammalwar as his god. Then he met Pharangusasadhasar who came in the way Madhurakavialwar
who gave him II Paasurams (Starting with Kanninum Siruthambu...) sung by his guru. The verse
was written by Madhurakavialwar in praise of his beloved guru Nammalwar.
Naadhamunigal was very happy and he went to the temple in Alwar Thirunagari (Thirukurukur)
and sat in front of the Tamarind tree under which Nammalwar was sitting in his time.
He started to chant the II Paasurams of Madhurakavialwar without stopping for 12,000 times.
Nammalwar appeared before Naadhamunigal and started to teach him all the 4000 paasurams
and with a written copy of Dhivya prabantham. Naadhamunigal returned to Kaatu Mannar kovil
Secessfully. Srimadh Naadhamunigal then divided the prabantha paasurams into 4 group each
containing almost 1000 paasurams.
Henceforth Aaraamudha perumal of this Thirukkudanthai - Naatha munigal from Kaatu mannar kovil
Nammalwar of Alwar Thirunagari all worked together to the rebirth of prabantham. Also the
way in which Aaramudhan came to this place, bears a relation to Thirupathi and Sri Rangam.
This temple Karbagraham (or) Moolavar sannathi has two entries one named Uthrayana vaasal
and the other Dakshinayana Vaasal, both the terms deputing the Sun's orbit. Hence this place
is also treated incoherence with Thiruvellarai.
As Aaraamudhans appearence has a relation to the myths of the trinity Bhrama, vishnu Sivan
this place can be treated inaccordance to Kadhambanoor and Kandiyur.
Once upon a time Therumazhisai Alwar came to have a dharsan of Aaraamudha perumal. He was
very much impressed by his beauty and wanted to have a chat with him. So he prayed the Lord
and after some times, the Lord Wanted to answer his prayer and hence he lifted his head from
the sleeping posture and started to get up. But, Alwar didnt wanted to disturb his sleep
and hence he requested perumal not to get up and to remain in the same posture so as to bless
each devotee visiting him and to treat each one of them as Thirumazhisaialwar. The post of
Aara Amudhan is called as Uthra Sayanam and he is thus called as Uthanasai.
As the Lord god accepted his devotees wish as he did in Kanchipuram, this place is coherent
to Thiruvekka of Kanchipuram.
Once there lived a great Sri Vishnu bhaktha named "Narayaswamy" in Thirukudanthai. He was very rich but had no
children. So at one stage he devoted all his money and wealth to the Aara Amudhan's temple.
His neighbors asked him to adopt a son to render rites and rituals after his death,
Narayanaswamy said them that, he did not cared that and also said them that after his death,
Lord Aaraamudhan would come in person to perform his rites. So happened after his death, a
young man came from nowhere and performed his last rites.
Till now on certain day of the year, all the things necessary for doing rites and rituals
are kept in the Aaraamudhans sannadhi and the temple is closed, so that Aaraamudha perumal
would performing the rituals for Narayanaswamy's death.
This coherates to the incident of Sri Rama performing the rites of the dead Jadayu at
Thiruputkuzhi and Thirupullam boothamkudi where he took rest after finishing the rites.
At a distance of 3 miles south from this place there is Nandipura Vinnagara divya desa temple,
then to the east are Thirunageswaram, Uppliappan kovil then at 6 miles south there is Naachiyar
Kovil in Thirunarayur from there at 3 miles distance there is Thirucherai and after that is
Thiruvellainkudi. So totally there are six divya desams to be visited.
The Moolavar of this temple is Sri Sarangapani. Aara Amudhan, Abayaryaapthamiruthan and Utthanasayi are the other names of Moolavar. Prathyaksham for Hema Maharishi. Moolavar is in Udhyoga sayana posture (ie) he appears as though is getting up from sleeping position.
Sri Komalavalli Thayar. Also called as "Padi Thanda Pathini" ie thayaar would never (leave out) or leave away from her
chamber. She has her own seperate sannadhi in this temple.
- Sri Aandal - 1 Paasuram.
- Periyalwar - 3 Paasurams.
- Thirumizhisai Alwar - 7 Paasurams.
- Boothatalwar - 2 Paasurams.
- Peiyalwar - 2 Paasurams.
- Nammalwar - 11 Paasurams.
- Thirumangai - 25 Paasurams.
Total - 51 Paasurams.
- Hema Pushkarani (Potramarai Kulam).
- Cauvery Nadhi.