Temple Location :
This Divyadesam is found on the way between Delhi to Agra railway line.
To reach this Temple, one has to get down in Mathura Junction and travel about 2 miles from there and this sthalam is also reachable from Brindavan by travelling 7 miles from Brindavan .
About 2 miles away from Mathura, is the place called as "Janma Bhoomi" is found where a temple
is built and this place is said to be the prison where Vasudevar and Devaki are prisioned
and this prison only, Sri Krishnar was born.
The 3 Divyadesams namely Thiru Vadamathura, Thiru Aayarpadi and Thiru Dwaraka are connected
with the Sri Krishna Avathaar, One among the 10 Avathaars of Sri Vishnu.
Brindavanam and Govardhanam are included in Vadamathura. Vadamathura is considered to one
among 7 mukthi sthalams. The other mukthi sthalams are Avanti, Ayodhya, Dwaraka, Maya,
Kanchipuram and Kasi. In Mathura, Kannan gives his Thampathi Samethar
(Perumal along with his wife) seva along with Sathyabama in Nindra Thirukkolam.
Since, this sthalam was so pleasant and gave a peaceful and satisfied life for Sri Kannan and
at the same time, an arakkan (Demon) by named "Mathu" was killed in this sthalam,
this sthalam got the name "Mathura". (In Tamil, Mathuram means pleasant and peaceful).
Once, when Sri Ramar was ruling the country, rishis like Shravanar, Bargava Maharishi and
all other rishis complained to Sri Ramar that an asuran by name "Lavana" was giving them
problems and because of this they could not do tapas towards the perumal. So, they all
asked Sri Ramar that he should put an end to it. As a result, Sri Ramar gave his great bow,
which helped him to kill Mathu and Kaidaber (they are also arakkas ) to his younger brother
Getting the Bow and the blessings from Sri Ramar, Sathruknan fought very hardly with the
Arakkan, Lavanasuran and finally him killed using the Bow given by Sri Ramar. Thus, the Mathu
town was saved from Lavanasuran and all the Rishis and Devars thanked Sathruknan and they
asked him what he wants as an Varam for killing Lavanasuran?
Sathruknan asked that the Mathu town should become a very big empire, with great warriors,
lots of beautiful temples and lots of Vishnu bhaktas. As requested by him, the Mathu town
was blessed by Devars and Rishis and from then, Sathruknan ruled the Mathura Nagar and lots
of temples were raised on the banks of Yamuna river. After Sathruknan, his generations ruled
and after this, Mathura was ruled by Yadhavas (Vasudevar).
The temple where the Alwars did their Mangalasasanam on the perumal is not found now since they
are destroyed by the Mohammed kings and now at that place, a big mosque is built. Close to
this, the place where Vasudevar and Devaki are prisonned is found. This place is considered
to be the Holy and spiritual place, since that prison is said to be the Birth place of
And places like where Sri Krishnar did Vadham (killed) of Kamsan and the Elephant and a place
by named "Vichranthi", where Sri Kannan took rest on the banks of Yamuna river are said to
be some of the places which shoul be compulsorily seen by the bhaktas.
As the rememberance of Sri Krishnar in Mathura, two temples are built in the later years. The
Krishnar found in these two temples are named as Dwaraknathji and mathuranathji.
The Dwaraknathji is seen giving his seva standing alone like how Tirupathi, Sri Srinivasar is
found alone in Nindra thirukkolam.
Mathura town is surrounded by lots and lots of beautiful places and all these places makes us
to remember the childhood days of Sri Krishnan.
About 8 miles away from Mathura is a place called "Govardhanagiri" is found, where Sri
Krishnar and all of his cowherd frieds grazed cows. This Govardhanagiri is a beautiful place,
which has a beautiful and pleasant surroundings and a temple is built on the top of the hill
by Sri Vallabhacharyar. Bhaktas after visiting Govardanagiri, at the foot of the hill of
Govardhanagiri a temple for Lakshmi - Narayanar is found where worship is done as per the
regulations laid down by Sri Ramanujar.
Close to this temple, a river that flows deep and broad, is found and 18 Km away from
Govardhanagiri, as a rememberance of Nandhagopar and yasodha, a small town is constructed
with the name "Nandhi Gramam" on the hill top and a temple for Bala Krishnar is found.
About 6 miles away from Mathura lies Brindavan, where Sri Krishnar along with all other
Yadhavars led their lives in peace. This is the place where Sri Krishnar spent his childhood
days along with his cowherd frieds and did lots of leelas.
On the banks of Yamuna river, a temple by named "Rangaji Mandir" is found. Separate sannadhis
for Sri Ranganathar, Sri Andal, Lord Sri Srinivasar and Sri Ramar are found.
In Mathura, the Krishna Janmashtami (Krishna Jayanthi) is celebrated in a grand way, where
lots of Vishnu bhaktas come to this sthalam and worship Sri Krishnar. During that time, the
entire life of Sri Krishnar is depicted as a play.
The Moolavar of this Divyadesam is Govardhana Nesan. He is also named as Balakrishnan. The
Moolavar is found in Nindra thirukkolam facing his thirumugham towards the Eastern direction.
Prathyaksham for Indiran, all the Devars, Brahma devan, Vasudevar and Devaki.
The Thaayar found here in this sthalam is Sathyabama Naachiyaar.
- Periyalwar - 4 Paasurams
- Andal - 6 Paasurams
- Thondaradipodialwar - 1 Paasuram
- Thirumangaialwar - 4 Paasurams
- Nammalwar - 10 Paasurams
About Brindavanam, Andal has done mangalasasanam on the perumal in 10 paasurams and about
Govardhanam, Periyalwar has praised the perumal in 16 Paasurams.
- Indra theertham
- Govardhana theertham
- Yamuna theertham