There is no equivalent mantram than Gayathri, there is no equivalent theertham than Kasi and finally, there is no Viradham greater than this Ekadasi Viradham. Any persons irrespective of their caste can follow this Viradham. This Viradham can be done, starting from the age of 8 to 80 and said to be one of the greatest Viradhams to attain Moksha and to the divine feet of Sriman Narayanan.
Viradham is said to be a Sanskrit word and this viradham means what we get (or) what we expect. There are three types of viradhams and they are :-
- Vasika – This kind of viradham is followed by chanting slokams and doing Parayanams (explaining the slokas and the greatness of Sriman Narayanan).
- Dhyanam – This is another kind of viradham and it should be done without Speaking (Mounam) to anyone and expressing our Bhakti in terms of slokams in our mind and heart itself.
- Kaayika – This is yet another kind of Viradham and should be done without even taking water.
Doing slokams and Parayanams on the Perumal and without taking water and by doing dhyanam constitutes the Ekadasi Viradham.
The main aspect of this Ekadasi Viradham is for self control (i.e.) focusing our entire soul towards Sriman Narayanan. And for an every Hindu, this Viradham is one of the best viradham that he/she should follow and this is said to be the best way to pass through the doors of Sri Vaikundam to get the Dharshan of Sri Vishnu.
In our country, the years are calculated based on the rotation of sun and the months are calculated based on the rotations of moon and this is the regular system that is followed from lots of years ago.
The 15 days starting from Pournami (full moon day) to Amavasai is called as "Theipirai" (or) "Krishna paksham"and next 15 days from Amavasai to next pournami is called as "Valarpirai" (or) "Suklapaksham".
For each and every day, there is said to be a deity and for the first day (i.e.) for Pradhamai, the deity is Agni, the second day is Dhvidiyai, the deity is Brahma and similarly for every day, there is a particular deities.
"Ekam" means one and "Dhasam" means ten. This Ekadasi comes on the 11th day and this day is said to be one of the luckiest and good day to follow.
Since, the 11th day is for the Dharma devathai, it is said that one who follow this Viradham will attain the Moksha and if all the persons follow this Viradham, the entire world will become happy surrounded by good thoughts and actions. So far we have seen that hat is this Viradham all about and let us now know how this Viradham came into existence.
The Story behind this Viradham:
Once there lived an Arakkan (demon) by named Muran who thought that this entire world should be under his control and as an action of it, first he marched along with his troops (senais) towards Devendran Indiran who is the king of Swargham (heaven). Both Muran and Indiran had a great fight with each other and finally when Indiran was about to be defeated, he ran away from that place and surrendered towards the divine feet of Sriman Narayanan and explained all about Muran and asked him to help them out.
Accepting the words from all the devars and Indiran, Sriman Narayanan gave them the promise that he (Muran) will be killed and went straight towards him. Both Muran and Sri Vishnu had a great fight between each other. Sri Vishnu used all of his 5 great weapons (Panja Aayudham) and there was no result using them against the Demon Muran. As a result of this, Sri Vishnu thought that he should be killed only using the Brain but not using any weapons.
As a result, he pretended that he his too tired because of fighting with Muran and went in towards the cave in the foot hill of Himalayas where there were lots of date trees (Elanthai). He acted as if he was too tired and from the Thiru meni (body) of Sriman Narayanan, a beautiful lady emerged and she is Dharma Devathai. She came out from the cave and looked straight to Muran. At that moment itself, he was burnt to ashes by the power of vision of Dharma devathai.
Sriman Narayanan came out from the cave and blessed Dharma devathai and the day on which she emerged is Margazhi month – Krishna paksha Ekadasi and she was named as "Ekadasi" and she was named as Ekadasi. This is said to be Ushbathi Ekadasi and next is Vaikunta Ekadasi.
It is also said that the cave where Sri Vishnu took rest in Badri Kashramam. Vadhari means dates (Elandhai) in Sanskrit. And as the years passed on, Vadhari was turned to Badri.
This great Vaikunta Ekadasi is celebrated in a very big Utsavam in all Sri Vaishnavite temples nowadays and especially in Sri Rangam which is popularly called as "Bhoologa Vaikundam".
During Vaikunta Ekadasi, Nammalwar was given Moksham and the Paramapadha Vaasal was opened for him. And lots of great personalities have gained lots of favour by following this Viradham. So, not only Vaishnavites, but also anyone can follow this simple viradham to attain Moksha and also the divine feet of Sri Vishnu.
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